Centre for Communication Governance at NLU delhi
Literature from the Global Context

Izabella Karlowicz, The Difficult Birth of the Fourth Estate: Media Development and Democracy Assistance in the Post Balkan Conflicts (Central European University Center for Policy Studies & Open Society Studies, 2003)

Karlowicz undertakes an examination of the media in post Balkan states. She seeks to discern how international institutions that seek to provide assistance to nations in transition to democracy can help foster a conducive environment for the media in these countries.

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The Fourth Estate

Reiterating the importance of a free press, this excerpt examines the various roles of the fourth estate. Drawing on these, it then elucidates on the importance of free press in transitions to democracy, using Uzbekistan, and Ukraine as illustrations.

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Jesse Hearns-Branaman, The Fourth Estate in the USA and UK: Discourses of Truth and Power (The University of Leeds, 2011)

This thesis explores the ideological and epistemological constructs surrounding media.

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Guy Berger, Theorizing the Media-Democracy Relationship in Southern Africa (2002)

The concepts surrounding the media are often characterised as ‘western’ notions. Berger in his article examines these notions and seeks to reconstruct them in terms of South African media and democracy. The key issue at play here is that media theories need to be improvised on based on socio-economic, cultural, political and economic indices for the media to be a tool of relevance in any society.

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The Report of the High Level Group on Media Freedom and Pluralism, A Free and Pluralistic Media to Sustain European Democracy (2013)

This report examines the competence of the EU in fostering an independent and pluralistic media. The recommendations involve establishing media literacy programmes, facilitating a more fluid model of media, ensuring that internet providers do not curb the freedom of speech and expression, and also call upon the EU to administer an independent monitoring organisation, among other things.

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Asimina Michailidou, Democracy and the New Media in the European Union: Communication or Participation Deficit (Journal of Contemporary European Research, Vol. 4 Issue 4, 2008)

Michailidou examines how instruments of mass media and the public have an influential role in shaping the political identity of nation states. It further elucidates on how advances in communication technology have impacted the political landscape and how the public sphere has been instrumental in democratising governance in the EU.

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Interview with Dr. Karol Jakubowicz, Democracy and New Media in Central and Eastern Europe (2012)

This interview engages with a plethora of issues- the nature of mass media, reconciling changes in communication technology with new democracy, whether the transformed media caters to new democracy, and economic development has influenced new media and technology in the context of Central and Eastern Europe. 

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Francis Kasoma, The Role of the Independent Media in Africa’s Change to Democracy (1995)

Requires paid access.

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Nael Jebril, Vaclav Stetka & Matthew Loveless, Media and Democratisation: What is Known about the Role of Mass Media in Transitions to Democracy

Jebril et al examine how reforms in media are instrumental for nation states that are transitioning to democracies. They attempt to understand the process through the lens of institutional changes that characterise transitions to democracy. In doing so, they elucidate on the transitional experience of various Latin American and African countries.

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Sara I. Magalhaes, Carla Cerqueira & Mariana Bernardo, Media and the (Im)permeability of Public Sphere to Gender (2012)

The public sphere as envisaged by Habermas was a sphere of the privileged. With the increase in the democratisation of the public sphere however, Magalhaeset al examine through the lens of feminist critique the relevance of plurality in the media and the public sphere.

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Lisa McLaughlin, Feminism, the public sphere, media and democracy (1993)

Requires a paid subscription. 

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